Balenciaga is a high-end luxury fashion house founded in 1917 by the Spanish designer Cristóbal Balenciaga in Bilbao, Spain and currently based in Paris, France.
Balenciaga had a reputation as a couturier of uncompromising standards and was referred to as “the master of us all” by Christian Dior. His bubble skirts and odd, feminine, yet “modernistic” silhouettes became the trademarks of the house.
Balenciaga closed in 1972 and was reopened under new ownership in 1986. The brand is now owned by the luxury group Kering.Wikipedia
Gucci is an Italian luxury brand of fashion and leather goods.
Gucci was founded by Guccio Gucci in Florence, Tuscany, in 1921.
Gucci generated about €4.2 billion in revenue worldwide in 2008 according to BusinessWeek and climbed to 41st position in the magazine’s annual 2009 “Top Global 100 Brands” chart created by Interbrand; it retained that rank in Interbrand’s 2014 index. Gucci is also the highest-selling Italian brand.
In 2019, Gucci operated 487 stores for 17,157 employees, and generated €9.628 billion in sales (€8.2 billion in 2018). Gucci is a subsidiary of the French luxury group Kering.
Dawn Mello was hired in November 1989 as Gucci’s executive vice president and chief designer. She reduced the number of stores from +1,000 to 180 in a move to rebuild the brand’s exclusivity. She also reduced the number of items sold by Gucci from 22,000 to 7,000. She revived the Bamboo bag and the Gucci loafer. She moved Gucci’s headquarters back from Milan to Florence, where the history of Gucci is deeply rooted.
In 2011, the company opened the Gucci Museum (Gucci Museo) inside the 14th-century Palazzo della Mercanzia in Florence to celebrate its 90th anniversary.Wikipedia
Dolce & Gabbana
Dolce & Gabbana is an Italian luxury fashion house founded in 1985 in Legnano by Italian designers Domenico Dolce and Stefano Gabbana.
The two met in Milan in 1980 and designed for the same fashion house. In 1982, they established a designer consulting studio; in time it grew to become “Dolce & Gabbana”. They presented their first women’s collection in 1985 in Milan, where a year later their store would open its doors.
By 2005 their turnover was €597 million. In 2006, the company started a new journey in accessories and leather goods for men and women. The company also ventured into cosmetics, with Scarlett Johansson as the face of the advertising campaign.
In 2012, D&G was merged with Dolce & Gabbana in order to strengthen the main line. The final independent D&G collection was the Spring/Summer 2012 collection shown in September 2011.
The New Yorker published in 2005 that, “Dolce and Gabbana are becoming to the two-thousands what Prada was to the nineteen-nineties and Armani was to the nineteen-eighties—gli stilisti whose sensibility defines the decade.”Wikipedia
Brunello Cucinelli S.p.A. is an Italian luxury fashion brand which sells menswear, women’s wear and accessories in Europe, North America and East Asia.
The brand claims deeply rooted moral values, such as being a “humanistic enterprise” and using craftsmanship to lend moral dignity to both the artisan and the owner.
Brunello Cucinelli started his couture house in 1979 with a specialty for cashmere garments for women. Cucinelli personally travels every year in the mountains of Mongolia to purchase cashmere directly from the producers.
In June 2014, owner Brunello Cucinelli transferred the ownership of Fedone Srl (which owned 61.56% of the fashion brand) to a new trust, Esperia Trust Company S.r.l., in a move to benefit his daughters and pursue his philanthropic work.
In 2017, Brunello Cucinelli recorded 500 million euro in sales, 35% of which in North America.
The company’s products are all hand-made in Italy.
The company donates 20% of profits to its charitable foundation, and pays workers wages that are 20% higher than the industry average.
The company’s 1,300 employees (of whom 800 work in Solomeo) do not punch a time clock; after-hours e-mails are not allowed. As of June 2017, the company has a market capitalization of over €1.6 billion.Wikipedia
Givenchy is a French luxury fashion and perfume house.
The house of Givenchy was founded in 1952 by designer Hubert de Givenchy and is a member of Chambre Syndicale de la Haute Couture et du Pret-a-Porter.
It is owned by luxury conglomerate LVMH.Wikipedia
Gianni Versace S.r.l. usually referred to simply as Versace, is an Italian luxury fashion company and trade name founded by Gianni Versace in 1978.
The main collection of the brand is Versace, which produces upmarket Italian-made ready-to-wear and leather accessories.
The Versace logo is the head of Medusa, a Greek mythological figure. The logo came from the floor of ruins in the area of Reggio Calabria that the Versace siblings played in as children. Gianni Versace chose Medusa as the logo because she made people fall in love with her and they had no way back. He hoped his company would have the same effect on people and on those who wore his clothes and shoes.
The Versace brand is known for its innovative designs having symbolic flashy prints and bright colors but with style.
The company announced in 2018 that it would stop using fur in its collections.
On 25 September 2018, Michael Kors Holdings acquired all outstanding shares in Gianni Versace S.r.l. for $2.12 billion (USD); the acquisition was completed on 31 December 2018, keeping on Donatella Versace as head of creative design.Wikipedia
Burberry is a British luxury fashion house headquartered in London, England. It currently designs and distributes ready to wear including trench coats (for which it is most famous), leather goods, footwear, fashion accessories, eyewear, fragrances, and cosmetics.
Established in 1856 by Thomas Burberry, originally focusing on the development of outdoor attire, the house has moved into the high fashion market, developing a first of its kind fabric called Gabardine, which is completely breathable and waterproof, and exclusively made for the brand.
The first shop opened in the Haymarket, London, in 1891.
Burberry was an independent family-controlled company until 1955, when it was reincorporated. In 2005, it completed its demerger from GUS plc, the company’s former majority shareholder.
The company is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index.
In 2015, Burberry ranked 73rd in Interbrand’s Best Global Brands report, alongside Louis Vuitton and Prada.
Burberry has stores in 59 countries.Wikipedia
Alexander McQueen is a British luxury fashion house founded by designer Alexander McQueen in 1992.
In December 2000, the Gucci Group acquired 51% of his company and appointed him as Creative Director before launching stores in London, Milan, New York, Los Angeles and Las Vegas.Wikipedia
Balmain is a French luxury fashion house that was founded by Pierre Balmain in 1945. It currently operates 16 monobrand stores, including locations in New York City, London, Los Angeles, Las Vegas, Miami, and in Milan’s Via Montenapoleone.
In 2016, Mayhoola Investments acquired Balmain for a figure reported as close to €500 million ($548 million). Balmain was 70 percent controlled by heirs of Alain Hivelin. The company does not regularly release financial information, but Les Echos estimated its revenue in 2015 at €120 million (about $136 million), growing from an estimated €30 million (about $34 million) in 2012. Balmain expected to reach a revenue of €150 million in 2017, 90% of which is generated by the wholesale channel, and is also putting more effort into direct retail.Wikipedia
Bottega Veneta is an Italian luxury goods and high fashion brand.
Founded in 1966 in Vicenza, Veneto, its atelier is located within an 18th-century villa in Montebello Vicentino. Its headquarters are in Lugano, Switzerland, with offices in Milan and Vicenza, Italy.
In 2001, Bottega Veneta was purchased by Gucci Group, and it is now part of the French conglomerate Kering.
In the 1970s, the company began advertising with the tag line “When your own initials are enough”. By the early 1980s, Bottega Veneta was a favorite of the international jet set, with clients including Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis and the empress Farah Pahlavi.
Andy Warhol made a short film for the company in 1980.
During the 1980s, Bottega Veneta’s fortunes began to decline. In a miscue, the company changed its image and began emblazoning a BV logo on its products.
In February 2001, the struggling company was acquired by Gucci Group for $156 million. Tom Ford, then Gucci Group’s Creative Director, hired Tomas Maier, who had previously worked at Sonia Rykiel and Hermès, as Bottega Veneta’s Creative Director in June of that year.
After receiving total creative control from product and store design to advertising, Tomas Maier set about returning the brand to its original identity. He removed visible logos from the brand’s products, highlighted the signature intrecciato weave, and returned the company’s focus to artisanal production.
Vogue described the change of image as an emerging example of “stealth wealth.”
Bottega Veneta presented its first women’s ready-to-wear runway show in February 2005 and its first men’s runway show in June 2006.
In April 2006, the company launched its first jewelry line and branched out into interiors and furniture design.
There are 251 boutiques in 43 countries owned by Bottega Veneta, and their products are distributed across Europe, Asia, Australia, South America, and North America.Wikipedia
Philipp Plein is a German fashion designer and founder of the PHILIPP PLEIN International Group which includes the Philipp Plein, Plein Sport, and Billionaire brands.
Plein’s first collections were vintage military jackets which he embroidered with Swarovski skulls and sold at the Maison et Objet in Paris
In 2006 the accessories line was introduced and in 2008 the “Couture” collection was launched.
In 2008 Philipp Plein presented his “heavy metal” collection at the “Germany’s Next Top Model” fashion show. In 2009 he collaborated with Mattel and presented the Philipp Plein Barbie doll during Barbie’s 50th Birthday celebrations at the Nuremberg Toy Fair.
In the same year, the first store was opened in Monte Carlo, and the first commercial showroom in Milan.
In 2010 Plein boutiques opened in Vienna, Moscow, St. Tropez, Cannes, and Kitzbuhel in addition to the opening of a showroom in Düsseldorf.
The spring/summer 2011 women’s wear fashion show debuted at Milan fashion week in September and took place in a deconsecrated 16th century church filled with white roses, with after party DJ set by Pierre Sarkozy, who was also face of the men’s spring/summer 2011 ad campaign.
Today the PHILIPP PLEIN GROUP counts 88 PHILIPP PLEIN monobrand stores and 26 BILLIONAIRE monobrand stores worldwide.Wikipedia
Salvatore Ferragamo S.p.A. is an Italian luxury goods company, with headquarters in Florence, Italy. It specializes in shoes, leather goods, Swiss-made timepieces, and ready-to-wear for men and women. The company licences eyewear and watches.
It is the parent company of the Ferragamo Group which employs about 4,000 persons and maintains a network of over 654 mono-brand stores, and it runs operations in Italy and worldwide.
Salvatore Ferragamo emigrated from southern Italy to the US, first to Boston and then California in 1914.
He opened the Hollywood Boot Shop in 1923 and made shoes for movie stars such as Joan Crawford and Gloria Swanson, as well as for films such as Cecil B. DeMille’s feature film The Ten Commandments.
He returned to Italy and set up a shoe shop in Florence in 1927.
The current shoemaking company regards 1928 as the date of its foundation, however, and it therefore celebrated its 80th anniversary in 2008.
Salvatore Ferragamo filed for bankruptcy in 1933, during the Great Depression, but by 1938 he was in a position to buy the Palazzo Spini Feroni, one of the great palaces of Florence.
This houses the company’s flagship store and a museum dedicated to Ferragamo’s life and work.Wikipedia
Prada S.p.A. is an Italian luxury fashion house that was founded in 1913 by Mario Prada. It specializes in leather handbags, travel accessories, shoes, ready-to-wear, perfumes and other accessories.
The company was started in 1913 by Mario Prada and his brother Martino as a leather goods shop – Fratelli Prada – in Milan, Italy. Initially, the shop sold animal goods and imported English steamer trunks and handbags.
Mario Prada did not believe that women should have a role in business, and so he prevented female family members from entering his company. Ironically, Mario’s son harbored no interest in the business, so it was Mario’s daughter Luisa Prada who took the helm of Prada as his successor and ran it for almost twenty years.
Her own daughter, Miuccia Prada, joined the company in 1970, eventually taking over for her mother in 1978.
Prada’s originality made it one of the most influential fashion houses, and the brand became a premium status symbol in the 1990s.
In July 2016, Prada clothing became available to purchase online for the first time through Net-a-Porter and MyTheresa.
As of March 2018, Prada’s sales turned positive after declining since 2014, and their stock jumped 14% at the news.
Stating that Prada would be “(f)ocusing on innovative materials will allow the company to explore new boundaries of creative design while meeting the demand for ethical products,” the company announced in 2019 that fur will be eliminated from the collection and all house brands as of 2020.Wikipedia
Yves Saint Laurent SAS, also known as Saint Laurent, is a French luxury fashion house.
The eponymous brand was founded in 1961 by designer Yves Saint Laurent and his partner, Pierre Bergé, and the current logos were designed in 1963 by A. M. Cassandre.
In 1999, Gucci (owned by PPR) bought the YSL brand and asked Tom Ford to design the ready-to-wear collection, while Saint Laurent would design the haute couture collection.Wikipedia
Moschino is an Italian luxury fashion house, specialising in leather accessories, shoes, luggage and fragrances. It was founded in 1983 by Franco Moschino in Milan.
Moschino and his fashion label became famous for his innovative, colorful – sometimes eccentric – designs, for his love of fairies, for his criticisms of the fashion industry and for his social awareness campaigns in the early 1990s.
After Moschino’s death, Rossella Jardini, his former assistant, became creative director.
The brand has been part of the Aeffe fashion group since 1999.
The brand consists of several labels: Moschino (women’s and men’s main line), Moschino Cheap and Chic (women’s secondary line, created in 1988), Love Moschino (women’s and men’s diffusion line, known as Moschino Jeans from 1986 to 2008), in order of exclusivity.Wikipedia
Moncler is a French and Italian owned luxury fashion brand mostly known for its skiwear. Founded in 1952 by René Ramillon and André Vincent, Moncler took its name from the abbreviation of Monestier-de-Clermont, an Alpine town near Grenoble, France. The brand was bought by Italian entrepreneur Remo Ruffini in 2003, transforming and reinventing the near-bankrupt company, and listing it on the Milan Stock Exchange in 2013.Wikipedia
Off-White is an Italian luxury fashion label founded by American designer Virgil Abloh. The company was incorporated in Milan in 2012. The label has collaborated with Nike, Levi’s, Jimmy Choo, IKEA and Evian.Wikipedia
Golden Goose is an Italian luxury fashion brand that comes from Venice, Italy. Its product line includes handmade leather sneakers, footwear, ready-to-wear, and accessories, all characterized by a vintage feel and the Star logo. Silvio Campara is the CEO of Golden Goose since September 2018.Wikipedia
Valentino S.p.A. is an Italian clothing company founded in 1960 by Valentino Garavani and part of Valentino Fashion Group, which in turn is owned by the State of Qatar through Mayhoola for Investments S.P.C. Since October 2008, the creative director is Pier Paolo Piccioli. Alessandra Facchinetti was Valentino’s creative designer from 2007 to 2008. Valentino is headquartered in Milan, while the creative direction is in Rome.Wikipedia
Simon Porte Jacquemus (born January 16, 1990) is a French fashion designer and the founder of the Jacquemus fashion label.
Jacquemus was born in Salon-de-Provence, France into a relatively modest family of farmers; his father sang occasionally in metal bands and his mother raised him. He grew up in the small town of Mallemort in southern France. In 2008, at the age of 18, he went to Paris, where he studied for a few months at the École supérieure des arts et techniques de la mode (ESMOD).
He then left the program for an assistant stylist position at Citizen K fashion magazine. The sudden death of his mother prompted him to begin his own career as a fashion designer.
He was 20 years old when he created his brand Jacquemus, his mother’s maiden name.
In 2017, Jacquemus added a line of footwear to his collections. He also announced in 2018 that he would be designing menswear, creating the line in 2019.
In addition to shoes, Jacquemus also designs handbags and hats.Wikipedia
Isabel Marant is a French fashion designer, owner of the eponymous fashion brand.
Isabel Marant was born on 12 April 1967 in Boulogne-Billancourt to a French father and German mother. She was raised in the chic Parisian suburb Neuilly-sur-Seine, refusing to wear dresses and carrying alternative outfits to school in plastic bags.
In 1994, she launched her eponymous brand – Isabel Marant. The following year, in 1995, she showed her first collection at Paris Fashion Week with her friends as models.Wikipedia
Thom Browne (born 1965) is an American fashion designer. He is the founder and head of design for Thom Browne, a New York City-based menswear and womenswear brand. Browne debuted his womenswear collection in 2014.
In August 2018, Ermenegildo Zegna announced that they purchased 85% of the brand at a half-billion dollar valuation. This was seen as a bid by the century-old Italian behemoth to court a younger demographic and reach new markets.
Thom Browne is the only other shareholder, with 15% of the brand, and will continue as the brand’s chief creative officer.
On September 8, 2020, Thom Browne made a scarf for Joe Biden’s “Believe in Better” fashion collection, which included collaborations from 18 other fashion designers around the country as part of the Joe Biden 2020 presidential campaign.
His scarf along with the rest of the collection is made in unionized factories and available for general release. All purchases serve as a donation to Biden’s campaign.Wikipedia
Fendi is an Italian luxury fashion house producing fur, ready-to-wear, leather goods, shoes, fragrances, eyewear, timepieces and accessories.
The house of Fendi was launched in 1925 by Adele and Edoardo Fendi as a fur and leather shop in Via del Plebiscito, Rome.
Fendi was a family-controlled company until 1999, when Prada and LVMH, the world’s biggest luxury goods group, joined forces to buy 51 percent of Fendi. In 2002, Prada agreed to sell its 25.5 percent stake to LVMH for $265 million. In 2002, LVMH acquired an additional 15.9 percent.Wikipedia
Chloé is a French luxury fashion house founded in 1952 by Gaby Aghion. During the next year of 1953 Aghion joined forces with Jacques Lenoir, formally managing the business side of the brand, allowing Aghion to purely pursue the creative growth of Chloé.
Its headquarters are located in Paris, France. The house is owned by luxury brands holding company Richemont Group. Chloé has been worn by many celebrities, including Marion Cotillard, Sienna Miller, Madonna, January Jones, Maggie Gyllenhaal, Cameron Diaz, Emma Stone, Clémence Poésy and Katie Holmes.Wikipedia
Loewe (stylized as LOEWE) is a Spanish luxury fashion house specialising in leather goods, clothing, perfumes and other fashion accessories. Founded in 1846, Loewe approaches 175 years as the oldest and one of the world’s major luxury houses.
The company was established in 1846 when a group of Spanish leather craftsmen in Madrid were joined by Enrique Loewe, a merchant of Hessian origin. By the early 20th Century, many notable people took great interest in Loewe and Queen Ena became a regular customer.
In 1905, Alfonso XIII granted them the Royal Warrant of Appointment and thus Loewe became Purveyor of the Royal Household of Spain.
The company quickly grew in popularity and was promoted by figures such as Ernest Hemingway, Ava Gardner, Rita Hayworth, Marlene Dietrich and Sophia Loren amongst others.
Since 2014, Loewe’s headquarters – including the design team, which had previously been based in Madrid – has been located on Place Saint-Sulpice in Paris.
The company remains based in Spain. Manufacture, particularly of leather goods, takes place in Barcelona and Getafe, near Madrid.Wikipedia
Don Emilio Pucci, Marchese di Barsento (20 November 1914 – 29 November 1992) was a Florentine Italian fashion designer and politician.
He and his eponymous company are synonymous with geometric prints in a kaleidoscope of colors.
Pucci was born in Naples in 1914 to one of Florence’s oldest noble families, and he lived and worked in the Pucci Palace in Florence for much of his life. He was a keen sportsman who swam, skied, fenced, played tennis and raced cars.
Pucci was the first person to design a one-piece ski suit. Although there had been some experiments with stretch fabrics in Europe before the war, Pucci’s sleek designs caused a sensation, and he received several offers from American manufacturers to produce them.
Instead, he left the Air Force and set up an haute couture house in the fashionable resort of Canzone del Mare on the Isle of Capri.
After Emilio Pucci’s death in 1992, his daughter, Laudomia Pucci, continued to design under the Pucci name.
The French LVMH luxury goods empire acquired 67% of Pucci in 2000.
Laudomia became Image Director, while LVMH brought in major designers such as Christian Lacroix (creative director 2002-05), and in October 2005, Matthew Williamson, and Peter Dundas from 2009.Wikipedia
Stone Island is an Italian luxury men’s apparel brand from Ravarino. It was established in 1982. In December 2020, Stone Island was acquired by the Italian fashion house Moncler. From their inception, Stone Island has been known for their use of innovative fabrics and materials.Wikipedia
Zimmermann is a luxury Australian brand of fashion. Zimmermann was founded in 1991 by sisters Nicky and Simone Zimmermann. Zimmermann has followed a Northern Hemisphere calendar for collection release. This includes Spring/Summer, Fall and Resort collections for Ready to Wear, and Summer and Resort for Swim. The Zimmermann brand now includes the lines Ready-to-Wear, Swim and Resort, Kids, and Accessories.Wikipedia
Capri Holdings Limited (formerly Michael Kors Holdings Limited) is a multinational fashion holding company, incorporated in the British Virgin Islands, with executive offices in London and operational offices in New York.
It was founded in 1981 by American designer Michael Kors. The company sells clothes, shoes, watches, handbags, and other accessories.
Michael Kors handbags have been a popular fashion trend among women of all ages.
In 2015, the company had more than 550 stores and over 1500 in-store boutiques in various countries.
Founder Michael Kors enrolled at the Fashion Institute of Technology in New York City in 1977, but dropped out after nine months. Taking a job as a sales person at a boutique called Lothar’s across from Bergdorf Goodman on 57th Street in Midtown Manhattan, he later became both the designer and visual display head for the store.
Noticing the displays and garments, Bergdorf’s fashion director Dawn Mello asked if he would show his collection to Bergdorf Goodman’s buyers. In 1981, Kors launched his Michael Kors women’s label at Bergdorf Goodman.
In 1990, the company launched KORS Michael Kors as a licensee.
In 1993, the company was forced into a Chapter 11 filing, caused by the closure of the licensing partner for KORS Michael Kors. Putting the KORS line on hold, he designed for other labels before relaunching in 1997 with a lower-priced line, and in the same year was named the first women’s ready-to-wear designer for French house Celine.
In 2002, Kors launched his menswear line. Kors left Celine in October 2003 to concentrate on his own brand via holding company Michael Kors Holdings Limited (MKH Ltd), relaunched with a majority $100M investment from Canadian fashion investor Lawrence Stroll and his Hong Kong-based partner Silas Chou, who had previously purchased Tommy Hilfiger in 1989.
The MICHAEL Michael Kors line was launched in 2004, which included women’s handbags and shoes as well as women’s ready-to-wear apparel.Wikipedia
Palm Angels is a luxury fashion label founded in 2015 by Italian art director and photographer, Francesco Ragazzi who is also the former artistic director of Moncler. Palm Angels is part of the New Guards Group and has collaborated with brands such as Moncler Genius, Playboi Carti, BBC Ice Cream, Under Armour & Clarks.Wikipedia